By Jatin Channa
Since the dawn of the World Wide Web in 1989, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) has evolved exponentially in the last two decades. The foundation for HTML 5 was laid back in 2004 as the aged HTML4 was struggling for relevancy amongst developers. HTML4 was standardised in 1997 and the world had begun to expect more from web technology.
The Worldwide Wide Web Consortium(W3C) had focused its resources on the development of Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) 2.0 at the time. Founded in 2004, the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) had identified the relevancy and the potential of a new HTML standard and HTML5 was born.
In 2009, the W3C abandoned much of its work pertaining to XHTML 2.0 and joined forces with WHATWG to bring the world a new standard of HTML5. With that said, let’s look at some of the new features afforded by HTML 5 and how it has evolved over the last few years since the introduction of smartphones and tablets.
HTML5, A New Standard Going Forward
HTML5 reached official recommendation stage on October 28th 2014, meaning the W3C had officially endorsed HTML5 as a new standard. This was by no means a surprise as HTML5 technology has been embedded in modern browsers months preceding the announcement.
HTML5 was several years in the making and the project was close to many developers’ hearts. This marked a milestone for a new open web platform across the world. The time lag between HTML versions had lengthened between each iteration as each version goes through excessive debugging and testing. To put things in perspective, it was only two years between HTML 2.0 and HTML 3.2.
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